Choosing the Most Suitable Fruit Trees and Bushes for Your Site
In large gardens of the past, sharply defined frontiers divided lawns and flower borders from the kitchen garden. In modern gardens such frontiers must be crossed if food production is to be increased.
Herbs, fruit trees and bushes provide not only worthwhile crops but can also add a beauty of their own.
Where a flowering tree is desirable, for example, plant a `Morello’ cherry. It will produce spring blossom, followed by excellent fruit for cooking and jam-making.
Grow fruit — such as apples, pears, peaches, apricots, red currants and gooseberries — on walls and fences, not only to save space, but also to make an attractive frame to the garden.
Some herbs and vegetables planted among flowers can add distinctive touches to a border as well as food and flavourings.
Fan-trained peaches, nectarines and apricots are best grown on a south-facing wall. Fan-trained plums grow on small, east or west-facing walls, as do blackberries and loganberries.
Blackberries, loganberries, cordon and espalier apples and pears, and cordon gooseberries and red currants can be grown against a fence in the same way as for walls. Raspberries, trained on wires, for a living screen from spring until autumn.
Grow herbs – such as bay in a tub, or sage and marjoram in pts. Grow tomatoes if the patio faces south.
Most herbs grow best in a sunny position. Place paving stones in the form of a cross between them. All the herbs are then within easy reach for picking.
Choose a site for the vegetable garden that is sunny, open and well drained. Although the plot may not be symmetrical, always grow vegetables in straight rows for easy cultivation.
Instead of growing ornamental trees in the leisure garden, plant a ‘Morello’ cherry, a dwarf pyramid pear if a cross-pollinating tree is near, or a self-fertile pyramid plum.
Apple and pear trees trained as espaliers make a colourful and productive screen between the leisure garden and the vegetable plot.
As an alternative to an espalier, a number of varieties of apples and pears can be trained on wires to form a screen.
Gooseberries, and all types of currant bushes, can be panted in rows, as a screen between the leisure and kitchen gardens, or dotted in a border instead of flowering shrubs.
Set in a border, these bushes provide blossom, fruit and autumn colour.
Food from the Flower Border
some herbs make an unusual but happy addition to a flower border. Angelica, growing up to 10ft (3m), fennel, sage and the blue-flowered borage can be grown successfully in this way. The spiked leaves of the globe artichoke also make a dramatic impact on any border.