Cutting Tiles

Mark the line of the cut. Using a cold chisel and a hammer, make a series of indentations along the line. Stand a brick on its side and, gripping the tile in both hands, hold it over the brick and strike it against the brick in the position of the line.

If any further trimming is necessary, use the pincers to nibble away the unwanted portion of the tile. A curved edge is indented and then the waste area is nibbled away using the pincers.

Once the edge has been cut, smooth the roughness away, using a carborundum stone or an abrasive disc.

Ceramic tiles

Tools and materials required are basically those used for wall tiling-a knotched spreader, pincers, sponge or squeegee and a cloth for polishing the tiles to remove excess grouting.

Standard ceramic floor tiles are usually matt-finished, often without spacer lugs, and made in mainly 108mm x 108mm, 150mm x 150mm or 200mm x 200mm sizes. These offer a wide range of colours and designs. Thicknesses range between 13mm and 16mm.

Mosaic tiles, individually 50mm x 25mm in size, and 6mm thick, usually come in panels of 600mm or 300mm x 600mm on a paper backing. This is peeled off after the tiles are laid ‘face’ downwards.

A traditional bedding mixture for ceramic tiles is a bedding of Portland cement and sand. Modern adhesives are made in powder form or supplied in cans, each developed to suit particular situations.

Ceramic floor tiles may be laid on two main types of floors: solid floors-screeds; suspended floors-timber floors laid on joists.

Other surfaces that can be tiled include sound, previously tiled, floors, quarry floors or natural stone surfaces.

10. November 2011 by admin
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