DIY and Building Materials

tongue and groove flooring In addition to the fixings and adhesives, you will require a number of building materials for mixing concrete, fixing floorboards and flooring material, for damp-proofing and for laying insulation material. All the items shown here will be stocked by DIY stores, builder’s merchants and flooring outlets, so shop around to see what is available and compare costs.


Wood and Mouldings

prepared softwood 50 x 25mm (12 x 1in)

prepared softwood 125 x 25mm (5 x 1in)

tongue and groove boarding – thicker, heavy duty varieties are sometimes used for floorboarding

panel moulding – decorative trim fitted around doorways, available in all sizes and many designs


Damp-proofing and insulation materials

damp-proof membrane (DPM) – laid between subfloor and flooring material to prevent moisture from rising up through concrete and screeds

damp-proof course (DPC) – impermeable membrane sandwiched between layers of masonry in exterior walls, positioned between soil and first floor level, to prevent damp penetrating to interior of house

loose fit insulation – alternative to the mineral wool option

soundproofing insulation slab – used in walls, ceilings and floors

mineral wool – comes in roll or blanket, used for thermal insulation in lofts


Flooring Materials

timber floorboards – traditional flooring material, can be square-edged or tongue-and-groove

medium density fibreboard (MDF) – comes in standard or moisture-resistant varieties, used as a general-purpose building board, manufactured in various thicknesses and sizes

chipboard – generally 18mm (11/16in) thick, available in large sheets and square-edged or tongue and groove varieties, latter used for flooring

plywood – all-purpose building board made from compressed wooden veneers, available in different thicknesses

laminate board – chipboard or MDF board usually 9mm (3/8in) thick to which is bonded a wood veneer for use as a floor covering

quarry tiles – terracotta-style tile used in kitchens and conservatories, comes in glazed and unglazed varieties

ceramic tiles – floor tiles made of hardened clay, available glazed or unglazed

vinyl tiles – available in self-adhesive or plain for use with an adhesive, wide range of styles and colours

carpet and underlay – normally 3.75m (12ft) wide, with foam or woven backing


Cement and Aggregate

builder’s sand – added to cement and water to form mortar for building purposes

sharp sand – mixed with cement and water to make screeds and renders

cement – mixed with sand, gravel and water to make mortars and concrete

gravel – mixed with water, sand and cement to from concrete



17. December 2010 by admin
Categories: Cement and Concrete, Flooring, Insulation, Materials, Woodworking | Tags: , | Comments Off on DIY and Building Materials

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