Essential Tiling Materials


This is supplied, ready constituted, in cans, or in powder form, to which you add water. Reconstituted adhesives usually have a limited life and you should mix no more than you can apply in a given time.

There are adhesives for internal and external use and for various types of surface and conditions, such as where dampness may occur.

Thick-bed adhesives are made to enable uneven surfaces to be evenly covered -though you should always prepare the surface to be as even as possible.

A can of 450 litres covers an area of roughly 5 m2.


This is a white powder mixed with water to a fairly stiff paste. A quantity of 1kg is sufficient for an area of 4m2.


Essential tools are a notched spreader, a small trowel, pincers, a tile cutter, a spirit level or plumb bob, lath or batten, sponge or tiler’s squeegee.

Additional items which may prove useful are a radius cutter, to make large holes in tiles, a tungsten-tipped drill, for small holes, and a carborundum block or carborundum file, for smoothing rough edges on cut tiles.

Notched spreader

Plastic spreaders may be supplied with the adhesive, or you can buy a notched trowel. If you have any quantity of tiling to do, the latter is a worthwhile investment. The ridges in the adhesive created by the notches in the spreader or trowel give the tile greater adhesion.


These are used to nip out small section of tile to fit, or to go round oddly shaped corners.

Tile cutters

These are of various types, ranging from a simple scriber with tungsten-carbide tip, to tile-cutting kits, consisting of a platform, small try-square and a wheel cutter.

Spirit level or plumb bob

Either can be used to establish an accurate vertical working line. The spirit level is used to establish the horizontal working line and to check work as you progress.

Lath or batten

This consists of a straight piece of timber, of the same length as the longest area to be tiled.

Sponge or squeegee

Either can be used to apply grout between the tile joints; surplus is rubbed off when dry.

10. November 2011 by admin
Categories: Featured, Handyman Tips | Tags: , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Essential Tiling Materials


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