Five Ways to Make X-Joints
The simplest of the x-joints is the plain overlap. Glue andit for greatest strength, though it can also be bolted, clench-nailed, glued and dowelled, or glued and pinned.
The cross-halving — one of the easiest and most useful joints — is cut in the same way as the.
Make it either flat or on edge — the ‘egg- box’ construction is the same for both. Glue and cramp the pieces together.
Trim the joint when theis dry.
By reducing the depth of the cut-out, one rail can be made to stand above the other.
Dowelled or mortised joint. Make an x-joint on a heavy frame by using dowels, drilling out with a dowelling jig. Alternatively, cut a mortise on the through-piece and half-length tenons on the joining rails. Glue and cramp the pieces together.
The mitred bridle joint combines the strength of the bridle with decorative neatness. Mark the edges as for the bridle joint and scribe mitre lines across all faces. Work to a fine point in the centre of the through-piece by cutting each mitred shoulder individually — sawing them straight across will leave a central gap in the joint. When cutting the shoulders, skim the lines in the waste to ensure an accurate fit.