Franconia Wine Region in Germany
German wine region, east of Mainz and centred on Wiirzburg, which is a beautiful town, rich in art treasures and fine buildings, gardens and churches. The Staatsweingut Hoffkellerei (Court Cellar), the Juliusspital, the Residenz (a great baroque palace belonging to the von Schonborn family), the Bayerrische Landesanalt fur Wein und Gartenbau (Bavarian Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture), and the Biirgerspital zum Heiligen Geist are essential places to see.
Most Franconian wines are white, although a few reds are made, of which that of Iphofen is possibly the best known. Otherwise the Muller-Thurgau accounts for about half of the vines planted; the Silvaner – which here gives of its best – for a third. The Franconian wines, famous since the Middle Ages, are dry. The adjective ‘steely’ is often used to describe them and today they tend to lack the immediate appeal that is useful to publicise wines outside their own areas. The term ‘Steinweiti (stone wine) is generally used for Franconian wines, but, strictly, it should only be used for those produced from the actual Stein site, at Wurzburg. The ‘stone’ or dry style typifies most of them, although in some exceptional years wines of more concentration and even sweetness are made. The bocksbeutel is distinctive and limited to these wines.