Although organic farming practices cannot ensure that products are completely free of chemical residues (pesticides have been used for so many years that soil andmay still retain some pesticide residues), a range of methods is employed to minimize pollution from the air, soil and water. These are some of the main principles of organic farming:
• To use materials and practices that enhance the ecological balance of natural systems, rather than trying to dominate them.
• To encourage biological cycles involving microorganisms present in the soil, plants and animals.
• To protect essential landscape features and provide adequate habitat for the maintenance of wildlife, with particular regard for endangered species.
• To avoid pollution of the environment.
• To consider the wider social and ecological impact of farming systems.
• To promote the health of humans and their environment.
PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC MEAT PRODUCTION
Most producers who follow guidelines for organic meat production espouse the following principles:
• To operate the very highest levels of animal welfare.
• To avoid feeding routine drugs, growth promoters, animal offal or any other additives to animals.
• To grow at least 70 per cent of animal feed to organic standards.
• To avoid using artificial fertilizers or pesticides on feed crops or grass.