How to Choose a Wall Covering

How to Choose a Wall Covering

There are many different types of wall coverings to choose from and they all have their rightful place in the home. You may find the following advice helpful in making your decision.

Each specific type of wall covering, lists the type of wall paste required.

Lining paper Plain paper designed to cover poor wail and ceiling surfaces before painting or papering. Sold in four thicknesses.PASTE: cold water; regular; all-purpose. Sometimes supplied in rolls twice the standard length to reduce wastage. The heavier and thicker the paper, the less likely it is to tear when you are hanging it.
Woodchip Two layers of paper bonded together with a sprinkling of wood chippings between them. Designed to be painted with emulsion.PASTE: heavy-duty; cold water; all-purpose; ready-mixed. Use to cover uneven walls. Some surfaces feel abrasive to the touch and so are not suitable on walls likely to be rubbed against – narrow hallways, stairs and children’s rooms, for example.
Standard wallpaper A single sheet of paper with a pattern printed on it. Quality of paper varies considerably with the price.PASTE cold water; regular; all-purpose; ready-mixed. Cheap papers are thin, and tear easily – especially when damp with paste – and are more difficult to hang than more expensive papers. Papers cannot be washed, so not suitable for kitchens.
Duplex paper A wallpaper – often with a relief surface – backed by another layer of paper which is bonded to form one sheet.PASTE heavy-duty; cold water: all-purpose; ready-mixed. The paper is strong and holds the shape of a relief well. This makes it easier to hang than other relief wallpapers.
Novamura A foamed polyethylene with relief and a feet of fabric. Available in a wide range of colours and designs.PASTE cold water; regular; all-purpose; ready-mixed. The surface springs back into place if it is pressed gently and can be wiped clean. One of the easiest wall coverings to hang and strip. Paste the wall not the covering.
Relief wall coverings Heavy paper embossed with a pattern during manufacture. The surface may be patterned, coloured or plain for painting.PASTE: cold water; ready-mixed; all-purpose. Suitable for uneven walls and ceilings. Anaglypta is the best known of these materials, though other manufacturers produce similar coverings.
High relief wall coverings Made from material resembling hard putty with a strong paper backing. Available in designs including plaster daub effects, brick or stone walling and wood panelling.PASTE: Lincrusta glue (for Lincrusta); heavy-duty; ready-mixed: cold water. Lincrusta is the best known of these materials. More durable than ordinary relief wall coverings. Soak backing paper with water for about 30 minutes before pasting. Hang as one sheet – do not crease or fold. Trim with a sharp knife and straight-edge, butting joins.
Vinyl A PVC layer, with a pattern or texture, is bonded to paper, Expanded vinyls have a raised surface, foamed up by heat during manufacture, and a smooth backing.PASTE: vinyl adhesive; ready-mixed (with fungicide); all-purpose (with fungicide) Their durable and washable surface makes vinyls suitable for kitchens, bathrooms and children’s rooms. Special adhesive required if seams overlap. Expanded vinyls need less paste than other relief wallpapers.
Hessian Available as a roll of unbacked material or bonded to a stout backing paper which helps to keep the hessian from sagging. Dyed hessian is available in a limited colour range.PASTE heavy-duty; ready-mixed; all-purpose; cold water. Will hide small cracks in a surface. Hang paper-backed hessian like standard wallpaper. With unbacked hessian, paste the wall not the material. Not a matching material so every join will show, however carefully you hang.
Silk wall covering Produced by bonding silk to fine backing paper.PASTE: cold water; regular; ready-mixed; all-purpose. Like hessian, not a matching material so the seams will show. An expensive and delicate wall covering not practical for walls that are likely to be scuffed and knocked.
Japanese grasscloth Made of real grasses bonded to a fine backing paper and sewn together for strength.PASTE: ready-mixed; all- purpose; heavy-duty; cold water. Not a matching material so joins will always be visible. Expensive, so best used only for decorative effects- making a feature of one wall, for example. Paste the wall not the paper.
Cork wall coverings A fine veneer of cork stuck to a plain or painted backing paper. Holes in the cork allow the painted backing to show through, creating a colour contrast.PASTE: heavy-duty; ready-mixed; all-purpose; cold water. An expensive material best used to make a feature in a room. Apply paste the wall not the covering.
Metallic coverings Foil bonded to a paper backing. Fine textures and many colours available.PASTE: heavy-duty; ready-mixed (with fungicide); all-purpose (with fungicide). Only use on walls with a very smooth surface bumps and any unevenness will show up., and take care not to get paste on the decorative side.
Flock wallpapers Velvet pile bonded to backing paper. Available in a wide range of colours and designs.PASTE: heavy-duty; ready-mixed; all-purpose; cold water. Keep splashes of paste off the flocked surface as much as possible -though it should not be permanently stained by marks. Hang as for standard wallpaper. One of the more expensive wall coverings.
Special effects wall coverings Papers and vinyls in a wide variety of designs which give the impression of real materials like wood, stone, and tiling.PASTE: heavy-duty; ready-mixed; all-purpose; cold water. Use to create optical illusions and unusual visual effects. Can be overpowering if used on more than one wall in a room. More expensive than other wall coverings.


choosing different wallcoverings

07. December 2010 by admin
Categories: Decorating, Wallpapering | Tags: | Comments Off on How to Choose a Wall Covering


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