How to Put Bandages On
The easiest way to dress a wound
The simplest type of bandage has a dressing attached to it, and is sold in chemists’ shops under the name of sterile dressing, field dressing or lint dressing.
You just take the dressing from its sealed wrapper, put it on the wound and bind it in place with the bandage.
DO NOT use a sterile dressing if the seal has already been broken. It might cause infection.
Binding an elbow or knee with a crepe bandage
If you’re trying to bandage a knee or elbow, a sterile dressing is difficult to keep in place, so you might have to use the type of bandage sold in rolls. Gauze bandage is hard to use, so buy a stretch type. It may be called a crepe, elasticated or conforming bandage. It’s easier to put on, and because it follows the contours of the body the pressure on the wound is evenly distributed. The bandages are sold in different widths: 25mm (1 in) for fingers and toes, 65mm (2-1/2in) for arms and 90mm (3-1/2n) for legs.
1. Start by putting the end of the bandage on the inside of the elbow, and make a firm turn to hold it in place. Make the next turn below the first, and then make alternate turns above and below the elbow, covering two-thirds of the previous one. Apply the outer surface to the skin so that you can unroll it easily.
2. Bandage outwards from the person’s trunk, maintaining even pressure all the time. Finish with a full turn over the previous one then fold in the end, and fix it with a safety pin orplaster.
The arm or leg should be bandaged in the position that it will remain in.
Finishing off with a knot
1. If you don’t have a safety pin or anyplaster to finish off the bandage, leave a piece of bandage free when you finish binding the injury. Cut the end of the strip in half lengthways.
2. Tie the two strips together with a single knot, pulling fairly tight at the bottom of the cut. This will stop the cut tearing further. Make sure that the knot does not press on the wound.
3. Take the two ends around the limb again and tie them off, preferably with a reef knot (right over left, then left over right). Once again, make sure that the knot does not press on the wound. Finally, tuck in the ends of the bandage to keep it neat.