How to Stop Bleeding from Cuts
Even if you cannot stop the bleeding altogether, reducing the flow of blood may be enough to save someone’s life.
A deep cut
1. Lay the person down. Remove clothing from around the wound if you can, but don’t waste time. If possible, raise the wound above the level of the heart to slow the flow of blood.
2. Provided there is no large object embedded in the wound, press down hard on it with a piece of clean, absorbent cloth or paper.
If the wound is large, squeeze the sides together gently but firmly as you press.
3. Maintain the pressure for five to fifteen minutes. While doing so, place an absorbent pad – such as the inside of a clean, folded handkerchief or pad of tissues -over the wound, and bandage it firmly in place with a scarf or piece of clean linen.
4. If blood seeps through the dressing, do not remove it. Put another dressing on top and bandage it on.
5. Telephone 999 and ask for an ambulance. Alternatively, take the injured person to the Accident and Emergency Department at your local hospital.
A large object in the skin
1. Squeeze the edges of the wound together around the object. Do not try to remove it; it may be plugging the wound.
2. Put a piece of clean cloth, such as a freshly washed handkerchief, over the wound. Then put a pair of raised pads of clean material around the wound. Try to make the pads higher than the object, to prevent pressure on it.
3. Bandage it with strips of material ortape. Do not put them over the object if it’s protruding above the pads.
4. Telephone 999 and ask for an ambulance. Alternatively, take the injured person directly to the Accident and Emergency Department of your local hospital.
Making a raised pad
1. Make two sausage-shaped pads by rolling cotton wool or some other material in strips of clean cloth. If possible, make the pads higher than the foreign body in the wound.
2. Bend the pads into curves and place them around the object in the wound. Bandage them on with diagonal strips of cloth, but if the object is higher than the pads, don’t cross the bandage over it.