How to Treat Puncture Wounds
A nail sticking out of a piece of wood, or any other sharp object such as a bicycle spoke or needle, can cause a potentially serious wound.
On the surface the wound may look so small as not to be worth worrying about, and there may be very little blood. However, it may go deep into the flesh, carrying dirt or germs with it and creating a high risk of infection. A puncture wound can also cause serious internal injury to blood vessels and nerves.
Treat all puncture wounds as serious.
2. Cover the wound with a dressing held on by a band age.
3. Take the injured person to the Accident and Emergency Department of a hospital.
Puncture wounds, splinters in wounds, burns, animal bites and road accidents all carry a risk of tetanus. This is a dangerous infection which causes acute muscle contractions, particularly in the jaw, giving the disease its other name of lockjaw. It must be treated at the earliest possible moment, so anyone who suffers such a wound and who has not had a tetanus inoculation in the past five years should see a doctor to get a booster injection.
Immunisation programme Children are given three routine injections against tetanus in their first year. They then receive booster injections when they start and leave school. A routine booster is recommended every ten years throughout life (or five years for people working close to animals or the soil).