Make Wine at Home: Elderflower wine
600ml/1 pint elder florets
2 lemons 500 g/1 lb 1-1/2oz sultanas
750g/1 lb 10oz white sugar
4 litres/7 pints hot water
Hock yeast and nutrient
1 Pick the heads of elderflowers on a dry and sunny day when the florets are fully open. Collect them in a paper carrier rather than a plastic one. Pick off the florets as quickly as possible. Discard the stalk and floret stems. Measure the florets, shaking them down but not pressing them. Empty them into a container together with the thinly pared rinds of the lemons. Pour on hot water and rub the florets against the surface of the container with the back of a wooden spoon to extract the essence. Cover and leave to cool.
2 Thoroughly wash the sultanas, chop them and add immediately to the florets and lemon peel together with the strained lemon juice, nutrient and yeast. Cover the vessel loosely and ferment on the pulp for five days pressing down the floating cap twice each day. Strain out and press the sultanas and florets dry. Stir in the sugar and pour the must into a fermentation jar. Fit an airlock and continue the fermentation.
3 When this is finished, rack the wine into a sterilized storage jar. Add one Campden tablet and top up with cold boiled water. When the wine is bright, sweeten with saccharin to taste. Bottle and keep it until it is six months old.
Make Wine at Home: Rose petal wine
Use 2.25 litres/4 pints scented rose petals and make in the same way as described for Elderflower wine. A rose concentrate may be used instead of a white grape concentrate.