Making a Fireside Cupboard
Cupboard doors for this simple type of fitment can be made of shelves described in Fitting Shelves in a Recess. To make halved joints, half the thickness of the wood should be set on a marking gauge (as illustrated below) and the face of the gauge should be pressed against the face side of the wood so that the marking needle cuts into and marks the edge of the wood, as the tool is drawn against the edges and end. The length of the joint should be marked on the face side. Both ends of each part of the framework should be prepared in this way and the waste cut away with a tenon-saw. To do this, place the rail being worked in a bench vice and cut down the grain with the tenon-saw.affixed to a framework. The framework is 2-in. by 1-in. and it is made with halved corner joints. These joints are also used for the corners of the frame of the
With this done, cut cleanly across the grain to remove half the thickness of the wood at the joint (see image above). The halved joints are best secured by, and warmed carpenter’s should be brushed on both meeting surfaces before closing the joint with a G cramp (illustrated above). Note that the jaws of the cramp are prevented from marking the wood with pieces of waste wood placed either side of the joint. Before finally securing the G cramps at the corners, the frame should be checked for squareness by placing a try-square inside the angle, and any adjustments necessary should be made before tightening the of the cramps.
Any twist in the frame can be seen by looking at it edge-ways. There should be no twist if the half joints have been accurately cut. If, however, there is a twist in the frame, this can only be adjusted by trimming the joints with a chisel to make them square. When thehas set, both sides of the door-frame should be faced with hardboard which may be cut to shape with a handsaw or tenon-saw. The hardboard is secured to the frame with and 1/2-in, oval which should be set about 3 in. apart and about 3/16, in. in from the edges of the panels. If any final trimming of the edges is necessary this may be done with a smoothing-plane or with glass-paper. It will, of course, be appreciated that this form of jointing and making a door is only applicable to fitments of a simple nature.