Mending Gates

The first sign that a gate needs repair is that it will not close properly. This may be symptomatic of either a displaced support post or broken or loosened joints in the gate itself.

If the trouble lies with the post, then the gate must be removed from its hinges and the post either replaced or realigned and, where possible, tied in with an adjoining fence or wall. The gate should not be rehung until any concrete has completely set.

Where the gate is in need of repair, then the most likely cause is one or more broken joints. The gate may be carefully taken apart and new pieces of timber inserted to make new joints. The old, good joints may then be cleaned up and the whole glued up and reassembled.

Sometimes, a quick, simple repair may be carried out by using angle brackets or plates screwed to sound timber. This may work very well and, though unsightly, can increase the gate’s life by some years.

Making a gate

If a gate is too badly damaged it is probably easier to buy or make a new one. The following describes how to make a simply constructed gate. A chevron-pattern gate looks attractive and is not difficult to make.

The tools for the job

The tools required to make this gate are:

• rule

• marking knife

• try-square and adjustable bevel or combination square

tenon saw

• bench plane

• shooting board

• 32mm bevel-edged chisel

• mallet

• brace and 12mm Jennings-pattern auger bit

• hammer and punch

• two 200mm ‘G’ cramps

• two l.2m sash cramps

bow saw

• internal spokeshave

• wheel brace and bits

• screwdriver.

Other more sophisticated tools may be used if available, such as power saws and drills.

Suitable timbers

The timber used to make the chevron pattern is standard tongued, grooved and V-jointed (TG and VJ) board which is readily available in various forms of pine and slightly less available and more expensive, in red cedar. The latter timber has many qualities and is easy to work, which makes it ideal for exterior use.

Other timbers, particularly hardwoods such as oak or padauk, are excellent for exterior use, but are expensive and TGVJ boards would have to be milled to special order.

The main framework of the gate is made from the same timber as the TGVJ.

Timber sizes

For a single gate, the stiles, the vertical side members of the frame, are 100mm x 32mm.

The centre stile is 50mm x 22mm.

The rails, the horizontal frame members, are 125mm x 32mm for the top rail and 150mm x 25mm for the bottom. The TGVJ is 100mm x 16mm.

The TGVJ supports are cut from 25mm x 22mm timber.

All timber is planed all round (PAR). Double gates require the centre stiles to be of 100mm x 25mm.

Any shaping to the top rail is carried out after the frame is assembled.

10. November 2011 by admin
Categories: Featured, Handyman Tips | Tags: , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Mending Gates

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