Palatinate Wine Region
This is a large region of wine production along the slopes of the Haardt Mountains, south of the Rhinehessen. The name comes from the Latin palatium or palace (German palast orpfalz). The title of the province was borne at one time by the Elector Carl, who married the English Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I. The soil, sandy and silicate, with clay, is completely different from that of most of the Rhine and Mosel vineyards. In addition to the Riesling, the Sylvaner, Traminer and some other grapes are cultivated. These two things, plus the more southerly situation, result in Palatinate wines being very assertively fragrant and, in good years which do not always coincide with the successful Rhine and Mosel vintages, the flavour of the Palatinate wines is full and rather rich. These wines are not yet well known in the U.K., but they can be extremely pleasing.
The Middle Haardt is the region where most of the vineyards producing the best wines are situated. They include those of Kallstadt, Durkheim, Wachenheim, Deidesheim, Ruppertsberg and Forst; the last is famous for its Jesuitengarten site. One of the most respected owners in the Palatine was Dr Burklin-Wolf at Wachenheim, and other important owners are Bassermann-Jordan, and Reichsrat von Buhl of Deidesheim. Carl Jos. Hoch is the big firm at Neustadt, and the famous Annaberg estate is where the Scheurebe grape, among others, makes very fine wines.