Slings: Making an Arm Sling
Once an injury to a hand, arm or chest has been treated, use a sling to give the damaged area support. Slings are normally made from a triangular bandage – a piece of calico that can be bought ready-made from a chemist. But you can make your own with a piece of material about 1 m (3ft) square, either cut or folded diagonally. Alternatively, there are a number of ways to improvise a sling.
Making an arm sling
1.Get the casualty to support the injured arm with his hand. Place an open triangular bandage between the chest and forearm, its point stretching well beyond the elbow. Take the upper end of the sling over the shoulder on the uninjured side, around the back of the neck to the front of the injured side.
2. Take the lower end of the bandage up over the hand and forearm and tie just above the collarbone. The hand should be slightly higher than the elbow, and the fingers should just protrude from the sling.
3. Pin the point of the sling near the elbow, or twist and tuck it in. If the arm was bandaged before the sling went on, check that the beds of the fingernails are not turning blue. If they are, loosen the bandage.
Improvising a sling
1. If you don’t have a triangular bandage or a large piece of material, take a scarf, tie or belt and make a loop round the wrist.
2. Put the ends around the per-son’s neck and tie them in the hollow above the collar bone on the uninjured side.
USING CLOTHING TO SUPPORT AN ARM
• Turn up the bottom edge of the injured person’s jacket and pin it firmly to the front of the jacket at chest level. The arm will be snugly supported inside the fold.
• Or pin the sleeve of the injured arm to the front of the jacket.
• Or push the hand inside the fastened jacket at chest level, so that it’s supported by a button or zip.