Tiling: Versatility in Kitchens and Bathrooms
One of the oldest decorative surface treatments, ceramic tiles are now made in vibrant colours, patterns and textured surfaces. These have many applications within and outside the home.
Tiling techniques are not difficult, and the results provide an attractive durable decorative finish for floors and walls.
Glazed ceramic tiles are made in a wide range of colours and effects. These range from simple plain colours to sculptured, patterned and decorative tiles.
For use out of doors, many manufacturers can supply tiles which have been treated to make them frost-resistant. Many plain, coloured tiles can be accurately matched with bathroom fittings. Floor tiles, which are thicker than wall tiles, are also available in complementary colours.
Types of tile
There are three main types of ceramic tile. The main ‘bulk’ or ‘field’ tile usually has spacer lugs on the outer edge, which provides a neat 2mm gap between tiles. These gaps are later filled with a grout, a compressible, white material, mixed with water to a paste, which gives an overall pat-terned appearance.
The RE, or round-edged tile, is used for edging or for part tiling, to give a rounded-off finish, and for external corners of window reveals.
Tiles with two adjacent round edges are known as Rex tiles. These are used for purposes such as splashbacks and as top corner tiles in part tiling.
Ceramic tiles are made in three main sizes-108mm2 x 4mm thick and 152mm2 x 6mm thick-corresponding with the Imperial 44 in and 6in sizes-or in panels of 50 mosaic tiles, measuring 55mm x 25mm x 4mm, mounted on a scrim backing.
Calculating the amount
When calculating the number of tiles needed, allow around five per cent of the total for breakages and waste on the tiles you have to cut. With 108mm2 tiles, allow a row of three full tiles for every 430mm2 of wall, and 72 tiles for every 900mm2 of wall. In each case allow for two cut tiles per row. Similarly, with 152mm2 tiles, allow six full tiles to the running metre or 36 tiles for an area of 900mm2.
To calculate the number of RE tiles needed, measure the length of the area to be tiled, allowing three 108mm2 or two 152mm2 tiles for each run of 305mm.
10. November 2011 by admin
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