Region in the north of Italy, where vast quantities of wine are made of all types. It has been under vines for many centuries, as the Etruscans grew vines there, the Romans cultivated the vineyards to supply the wine ration for the Spanish troops quartered in the area and, in the Middle Ages, many German bishops and clergy became vineyard owners. Trentino – the area around the town of Trento – produces the dry red Marzemino referred to in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni. Trentino wines mentioned by Philip Dallas include many made from classic grape varieties, such as Cabernet, Merlot, Riesling, Traminer and Moscato; and the region’s vin santo is very highly praised. The Lagrein grape makes an unusual pink wine: the white and red wines of Sorni, the red of Teroldego Rotaliano and the dry white sparkling wines seem of special interest.
In the Alto Adige, the red Caldaro, Meranese di Collina and Santa Maddalena wines are all made using the Schiava grape; the last two use nothing else. The Terlano white wines, of varying styles, use grapes such as the Pinot Bianco, Riesling Italico, Sauvignon and Sylvaner. There is also a red wine called Grauvernatsch which sound wells worth trying. Because of the proximity of Austria (the Alto Adige is sometimes referred to as the South Tyrol), German lettering and terminology are often used on wine labels.