Vertigo: Symptoms and How to Treat Vertigo
An unpleasant feeling of giddiness, called vertigo, usually has a cause related to the ear. The giddiness may be accompanied by nausea and deafness, and also by flickering of the eyes – a condition called nystagmus.
Vertigo can arise from several medical conditions:
• An injury to the head.
• Meniere’s disease and labyrinthitis, two ailments that disturb the hearing and also the balance of the inner ear.
• High blood pressure.
• A blockage of the blood vessels leading to the brain.
• Travel sickness.
• Over-breathing – when the patient breathes harder and faster than normal, usually brought on by pain, anxiety or sudden mood changes.
What you should do
The patient should lie down quietly and rest until the attack ends. The length of an attack can range from seconds to hours. Consult a doctor if:
• The attacks recur.
• There is severe vomiting.
• Deafness develops.
The doctor may prescribe drugs to relieve the symptoms, but even without treatment a person may recover spontaneously.