Vineyards, Estates and Wine Regions A – C
Chateau d’ Estate in Cantenac. In the Medoc region of Bordeaux, with an old-established reputation. The property was run down at the time of the 1855 classification and so does not appear in this list, but it now ranks as a cru bourgeois exceptionnel. It belongs to Peter Sichel, who was the first person from outside France to be President of the Bordeaux Growers’ Syndicat. The clarets possess both charm and quality.
One of the wine families of Australia and a firm still in the wine trade. Angoves make a wide range of wines of all types, but are also well reputed for their St Agnes brandy.
Estate in the Palatinate region of Germany, making fine wines. The first successful plantings of the Scheurebe grape were made there.
Austrian town near the Neusiedler, famous for the work there of the great winemaker. Dr Lenz Moser, who, by his method of ‘high cultivation’ (hochkultur) which is now usually known by his name, radically altered the training of vines so that mechanical methods can be used in many vineyards. Estimates indicate that about 75% of Austrian vineyards now follow this.
Jamaican estate famous for its Appleton white rum, founded in the 17th century by the Yorkshireman, John Appleton. It is made today according to an 1825 form.
Wine estate in the Robertson region at the Cape in South Africa.
Vineyard in the Rheingau (see Rhine) in Germany where red wines are produced, of a pleasant character when good, although never to be compared in quality with the great red wines of France. White wine is also made there. The grape for the red wines is the Spatburgunder. Which is a type of Pinot Noir.
Small town in Piedmont, north Italy, where a wide range of quality wines is made, not just the well-known Asti Spumante. Others include the sparkling Moscato d’Asti. A sweet Malvasia. And red wines such as Grignolino, Freisa and Barbera. All with the suffix ‘d’Asti’.
Wine estate near Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Vineyard and winery near Adelaide, Australia.
(Pronounced ‘O-zone’) A premiergrand cru classe of St Emilion in the Gironde region of France and possibly the best-known wine of this area, together with Cheval Blanc. Opinions tend to vary about its precise degree of greatness, but it is always at least a very fine wine. The cellar is unusual in that it is in the rock of the hillside down which the vines grow. The name is supposed to derive from a villa belonging to the classic poet, Ausonius, imperial tutor and consul and a great lover of wine and food according to his verse. But there are several sites claiming to be the original villa he owned in the Gironde and in fact he may have lived in several.
Village in the Cote de Beaune, Burgundy, making red and some white wines that can be very good. They certainly deserve serious attention when coming from a reputable source.
Ruwer vineyard, of which the Altenberg, Herrenberg and Vogelsang sites are possibly the best known. The Hohe Domkirche of Trier, which owns certain portions of sites, puts the prefix ‘Dom’ on to their names. The State Domain owns the Hammerstein site.
(Pronounced ‘Eyel’) Wine village on the Saar of which the best-known site is Kupp.
One of the vineyards of the Mittelrhein situated on the left bank of the river, making wines which, although they seldom attain to even approximately the quality of the greatest of the Rheingau wines from the right bank further up the Rhine, can be very pleasant.
Wine estate at the foot of the Simonsberg, at the Cape in South Africa, making fine table wines.
Hungarian district making fine white wines, with a long history of winemaking.
Important South Australian vineyard area, north of Adelaide. It was named after a village called Barrosa (sic) near Cadiz, where the English forces defeated the French in the Peninsular campaign against Napoleon. A wide range of table wines and brandy is made.
Sometimes also known as Lucania, this is the region of the instep on Italy’s ‘boot’, producing a range of wines, most of which go up to the north for blending. The red Aglianico del Vulture (the wine is named for the local mountain) is, however, well reputed.
(Pronounced ‘Bowl-you’) As the word is supposedly difficult for the American public, a range of brand names, usually incorporating the prefix ‘Beau’ are in use, or just initials. It is a famous California vineyard in the Napa Valley, founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Georges de Latour, and still run by his family. Table wines, sparkling wine and a type of sherry are made, and the quality of all is very high indeed. Beaulieu wines are available in the U.K., having been selected as outstanding by Averys of Bristol.
N.B. The two English vineyards established at Beaulieu (pronounced ‘Bew-ley’) in Hampshire, producing good white and rose wines in recent years, should not be confused with the Californian Beaulieu.
Beaumes de Venise
Town in the Vaucluse in the south-eastern region of the Rhone in France, famous for its wines made from the Muscat grape. They are sweet in a concentrated but not cloying way and, chilled, are very pleasant dessert wines.
Centre of the Burgundy vineyards, notable for the firm red wines bearing its name, the fine whites and also for the Hospices de Beaune. Some of the site names of Beaune that are well known are: LesMarconnets, LesFeves, Les Bressandes, Les Greves, Les Teurons, Les Perrieres, Les Epenots, Clos des Mouches, Les Vignes Franches, but the list is long. Beaune Feves and Beaune Greves are usually considered very good, a well-known plot in the latter being the Vigne de I’Enfant Jesus. Beaune Clos de la Mousse is part of the Marconnets vineyard. It is important not to confuse the A.O.C. Beaune with that of Cote de Beaune Villages, which is completely different and includes a number of other well-known names.
This property, in the Cotes region of the Premiers Grands Crus Classes of St Emilion, was partitioned between Messrs. Duffau and Fagouet when it was divided. Lts wines are usually pleasing and of engaging, often fine quality. The Fagouet section is the largest.
One of the Premiers Grands Crus of St Emilion. In the Cotes region. The estate is of ancient foundation and. According to tradition, one of its owners (then the English Governor of the region) received the surrender of the great French warrior, Bertrand du Guesclin. Who remained his prisoner on parole at Libourne. In the 19th century its wines became famous and. For some while, Belair disputed with its neighbour, Chateau Ausone. The right to be the great wine of the area. Today its wines, not widely seen on export lists, are nevertheless esteemed for their quality plus a certain refinement they can achieve in some vintages.
Classed 5th growth of St Laurent which, as this parish has no A.O.C., bears the A.O.C. Haut-Medoc. As it adjoins the St Julien boundary, it was at one time considered to be a St Julien. Some people like to think that the name – common, however, to several other properties – was the origin of the name of Belgrave Square in London.
Classed 4th growth of St Julien and one of the well-known clarets, additionally reputed by reason of the size of the property and its beautiful gardens. The name comes supposedly from the expression Baissez les voiles (’Strike sails’), the salute exacted from ships passing up or down the Gironde from the time when the Grand Admiral of France, the Due d’Epernon, lived there and required the gesture to be made. This is why there is a ship on the label.
South African wine estate near Wellington, making fine table wines. The property is particularly beautiful.
The winery of this name in the Pokolbin region of Australia was established by John Mcdonald in 1870. It was bought by Frederick Lindeman in 1912 and is now one of the most important centres for Lindeman’s in the Hunter Valley. The name is used in conjunction with their Mosel.
Small estate in New York State’s Hudson River Valley, making a variety of wines that seem well reputed.
Winery in the north of the Napa Valley in California, in production since 1879. As it made communion wine, it was able to keep going during Prohibition.
This is a picturesque town, linked by a bridge with its twin, Kues (Cues) across the Mosel. The wines are justly renowned, possessing both immediate charm and freshness and nobility. Some of the better-known sites are: Badstube, Braunes, Rosenberg, Schlossberg, and Graben; but the most famous is the great Doktor, which rises directly behind Bernkastel. Its name is supposed to derive from the time when one of the Prince Bishops of Trier was cured of an illness’by the wine. The Bernkasteler Doktor site is owned principally by Deinhard of Coblenz. Other portions belonging to Wwe. Thanisch and F. Lauerberg. The wines usually command very high prices. The spelling ‘Doktor’ is traditional and the Nazis enforced its use, so today most owners have retained it, although the Thanisch establishment uses ‘Doctor’.
The wines of the Cusanusstift, or St Nikolaus Hospital, come from some of the fine wine vineyards. Other famous sites are Johannisbrunchen, Cardinalsberg, Lay, Rosenberg and Paulinshof-berg.
Co-operative winery and distillery in the Berri-Parmera region on the Murray River in Australia. A huge range of wines is made, many of them much praised. The outsider must comment that it seems a pity to continue using classic wine names, such as ‘port’, ‘sherry’. ‘Moselle’, ‘sparkling Burgundy’ and so on, when the grapes are often totally unrelated to those that make the European originals. One must reasonably assume that the character of the wines is different as well. But those who enjoy the Berri wines may think this an ungracious comment.
Usually shortened to ‘Konvikt’ (or ‘hostel’), this is one of the three religious establishments at Trier, on the Mosel. It owns six major estates in the Mosel, as well as possessing many interests in the wine trade and enjoying a high reputation for its wines.
The seminary (training college) for priests at Trier, in the Mosel. It owns seven estates: three in the Mosel, three in the Saar and one in the Ruwer. Originally these were bought with a gift from the Elector Clemens Wenzeslaus in 1773.
Stellenbosch wine estate in South Africa, under vines since 1692; the handsome house was built at the end of the 18th century. As well as making wines, it produces cheeses and also contains a museum.
South Australian vineyard, near Langhorne Creek.
Bomfim, Quinta do
This belongs to the great port house of Warre, and is at Pinhao. On the River Douro.
Winery in the Santa Clara Valley, in California, U.S.
South African wine estate in the Stellenbosch region.
Winery in Maryland, U.S., of fairly recent foundation.
Wine estate in the Groot-Drakenstein area of the Cape, South Africa. It has been under vines since the 17th century, when French Huguenots, among them some of the now famous de Villiers (prominent in Cape wine history), settled there. Today the house not only produces a range of wines but has an excellent restaurant. Visitors are also allowed to see the beautiful old house.
Estate in the parish of Cadaujac in the Graves, south of Bordeaux, making good red and white wines. It now belongs to an American syndicate.
(Pronounced ‘Browny-berg’) Mosel vineyard usually making outstanding wines of nobility as well as charm. The best-known sites are Falkenberg, Hasenlaufer and Juffer.
This beautiful, moated estate in the Graves, south of Bordeaux, was the home of the great thinker, Montesquieu (1689-1755). Now owned by the Comtesse de Chabannes, it produces an acceptable white wine.
(Pronounced ‘Broh-lyo’) Castle of great magnificence in the Chianti region of Italy. It is the property of the Ricasoli family and, in the 19th century, one of them evolved what is today the basic method of making Chianti.
Although Brolio makes wines of notable quality, the present Baron, together with a few other important growers, decided to leave the Chianti Classico consorzio. That is why the Brolio wines do not now bear the black cockerel label of the Classico association. They are usually excellent Chianti Classico wines.
Headquarters of the Hungarian State wine cellars, which were founded in the 18th century.
Notable California vineyard at Sonoma, north of San Francisco. It was established in 1857, by Count Agoston Haraszthy. Although it went through a depressed period at the beginning of the 20th century, it now makes a range of table wines that are praised by many authorities.
Winery in New York State. U.S.
Old-established Australian vineyard, in north-east Victoria.
Burgerspital zum Heiligen Geist
The Citizens’ Holy Ghost Hospice was founded in the early 14th century in Franconia and endowed with vineyards which still support it. The establishment’s wines are of high quality.
One of the old-established Australian wine families, first in wine in the 1880s, now owners of the Bobbie Burns and Silverburn wineries, near Rutherglen, Victoria.
Canandaigua Wine Company
Important winery in New York State, also owning wineries in Virginia and the San Joaquin Valley.
This is a Premier Grand Cru Classe of St Emilion, situated in the Cotes area. It is an old-established property, its vineyards being in a single group, on top of the old quarries where the Girondin refugees unsuccessfully attempted to hide from the Terror in the French Revolution. The wines are usually full, firm and can attain fine quality.
Well-known chateau in the Cotes Canon Fronsac region of the Bordeaux vineyards.
Estate in the Cotes of St Emilion. Making good wines.
Very ancient estate in the Cotes of St Emilion. Belonging to the family who have given it their name for five centuries.
Oldest of all the vermouth establishments. It was set up by Antonio Benedetto Carpano in Turin in the late 18th century. In 1786, the first ‘commercial’ drink, which Carpano called ‘vermouth’ – using the German term wermut for absinthe (wormwood) – was offered for sale. The Carpano bar became so popular that it had to remain open for 24 hours a day! It was frequented by many celebrities and, in 1876, the latest ‘Carpano mix’ was evolved – Punte Mes. Today Carpano vermouths are still widely appreciated.
Winery at Rutherford, Napa Valley, California.
The Chaffey brothers founded the town of Mildura in Victoria, in 1887, bringing water to what was virtually a desert from the Murray River. They first made wine in 1891, near Mildura at a winery eventually named Mildara. This is a huge concern nowadays, buying grapes from local vineyards and making wine at an outstandingly modern winery, the only large concern in the vicinity. Chaffey are especially reputed for their brandies and sherry style wines, although table wines of many types are also made.
Winery in California above the Salinas Valley, especially well known for its classic white wines.
Australian family wine firm, established in the 19th century near Rutherglen, Victoria. The name of the winery is Rosewood.
One of the world’s most famous vineyards, in the Cote de Nuits of Burgundy. Chambertin Cios de Beze is the other great name in the overall Gevrey-Chambertin region. Other sites that may put their names before that of Chambertin are: Charmes, Latricieres, Griotte, Mazy, Chapelle and Ruchottes. All are usually fine. Chambertin is an old site,supposedly owingits name to the sagacity of a peasant named Bertin who, seeing the success of the Cios de Beze vineyard belonging to the monks established at the Abbey of Beze, bought the adjacent plot, henceforth known as the Champ de Bertin. Chambertin appears always to have been highly regarded; Napoleon I, associated with many fine drinks and dishes for no possible reason that I can understand, is known to have loved the wine and took supplies of it to Russia – bottles supposedly coming from his commissariat fetched huge prices subsequently! Chambertin and Chambertin Cios de Beze have 25 owners, so, as may be deduced, the styles of the wines bearing the two names can vary very much. Usually expensive, they are capable of great nobility and breed when at their best.
Parish in the Cote de Nuits in Burgundy, famous for many wines which mostly tend to a particular charm and delicacy of style that is appealing. The A.O.C.s are Le Musigny (a very little white wine is made as well as red) and Bonnes-Mares. In conjunction with the parish name, there are such sites as Les Amoureuses, Les Charmes and Les Bonnes-Mares.
Winery in the Napa Valley, California, making red and white table wines which are gaining favourable comments from those who know them. All come from the grapes of the winery’s own vineyards.
Parish in the Bucelas region of Portugal, which some authorities think may be the ‘Charneco’ mentioned by Shakespeare. The wines are also referred to in Dickens’ Sketches by Boz; and it is known that the officers in Wellington’s army enjoyed the wines during the Peninsular Campaign, 1808-14.
Parish in the Cote de Beaune in Burgundy, making both white and red wines. Part of the great Montrachet vineyard is also in this parish. Although it is the white wine that is most usually seen on lists, the red Chassagne-Montrachet. Clos St Jean, is also famous and, because of its delicacy and suppleness, the wine is thought by some to resemble those of the Cote de Nuits.
(Pronounced ‘Shas-lah’) There are a number of different members of the Chasselas family, but essentially it is a white grape, possibly brought to Europe by the Romans. The Chasselas Dore is the most popular French table grape. Quantities of wine are made from it, but generally nothing very fine; however, improved methods may alter this. In the U.S., it is known as the Golden Chasselas. Perhaps the most significant region in which it is cultivated is that of the upper Loire: the Sauvignon is used for Sancerre and Pouiily Fume; but the Chasselas for ordinary Pouilly-sur-Loire. It is also used in Alsace. Where there are various local names, including Knipperle.
Not an estate. But a general name for the finest vins jaunes of the Jura region of France, coming from a particular group of vineyards.
Chateau Chevalier (sic)
Winery in the Napa Valley, California.
Chateau Leonay (sic)
This property is on the North Para River in Australia’s Barossa Valley. It was first planned and established by Leo Buring, an outstanding wine man, who died in 1961 before he could see the property finished. The following year it was bought by Lindeman’s and is now an enormous concern, producing fortified as well as table wines. As with many wineries of the New World, the bulk of the grapes used comes from outside growers, but the estate owns vineyards in several regions.
Chateau Montelena (sic)
Napa Valley winery near Calistoga, California.
Chateau Souverain (sic)
Newish winery of the Napa Valley in California which, in spite of its name indicating an estate, buys in grapes to make its wines. They can attain good quality.
Chateau Yaldara (sic)
A winery in the Barossa Valley region of Australia, making a variety of wines but especially known for its sparkling wines. The aboriginal word yaldara in fact means ‘sparkling’. It was established after World War II by a German, Hermann Thumm, who came from a Rhine wine family. He was in business in Iran, involving wine-making, when he was interned in 1941. As an internee, Herr Thumm was sent to Australia and in 1946 he decided to remain. He eventually rehabilitated a ruined 19th century winery in the style of a European wine estate. This is Chateau Yaldara.
Chateauneuf du Pape
The vineyards at the southern end of the Rhone in France produce what is possibly the most famous of Rhone wines. They are mostly red, although a little white is also made, produced both by large establishments and on a few big estates. Thirteen different types of grape are permitted to be used, including the principal grapes of the Cotes du Rhone. The wines tend to be a little suppler and rounder than the young Cotes du Rhone wines and many people who like a full, robust wine would be far better pleased with these, which are still reasonable in price, than with a genuine but expensive red Burgundy or a distorted ‘commercial’ version.
The wines of an area in the Drome, within the Rhone Valley, making red. White and pink wines.
Beaujolais vineyard area, producing full, fruity red wines.
A premier grand cru classe of St Emilion in the Gironde region of France. It never makes less than a fine wine and some people would rate it as equal with the finest red wines of the Mtedoc. Its vineyards touch those of Pomerol so that, unlike the other great St Emilion vineyard, Chateau Ausone, which is in the heart of the St Emilion vineyard, Cheval Blanc wines possess a touch of the stony character that gives elegance as well as body. Because of the name, it has sometimes erroneously been supposed to be a white wine; but it has never made anything except red.
Chevaliers du Tastevin
Well-known French wine order, of which there are now many, established (or revived) in the Depression between the world wars to create interest in the wines of Burgundy. In 1944 the order bought the Chateau of Clos de Vougeot, where their principal ceremonies are held. Membership is an honour – but it can be arranged and should not be automatically assumed to be a privilege reserved only for those truly knowledgeable about Burgundy.
Beaujolais vineyard area producing red wines with great fruit and, usually, a very alluring bouquet.
This concern is the largest church property producing wine in the world. It also makes brandy, altar and communion wines, and produces table grapes. The Christian Brothers are a Roman Catholic monastic teaching order, founded in Rome in the 17th century. Although they take vows and wear habits, they are not priests. The correct name for the concern is Mont La Salle Vineyards. The Brothers have three wineries in the Napa Valley and two in San Joaquin, California, which support the Brothers’ schools and novitiate. The table wines are sold without vintage dates, as they are often blended so as to achieve continuity of style. The table wines are pleasant; although those I have tasted have achieved no more than medium quality. Fortified wines are also made. The Brothers own vineyards as well as their wineries, and all are attractively arranged for tourists to visit.
Clairette de Die
Wine from the vineyards around Die, in the Drome region of France – the Drome is a tributary of the Rhone. The Clairette and Muscat grapes are used for rose and white wines, some of them sparkling. These last are made either by the Champagne method or else by keeping the wine in a sealed cask and allowing the carbon dioxide in it to be retained, thereafter bottling while the sparkle is still in the wine. They are dry and crisp.
Sometimes known in books as ‘Clare-Watervale’ for its 2 main towns, this is the most northern of the vineyard areas of South Australia. A wide variety of wines are made and some of the wineries date from the middle of the 19th century. The red wines are especially reputed; but many others, including fortified wines, are also made. The wines are ungrafted.
Vineyard region in South Australia.
Lombardy region around the town of Casteggio (Clastidium in ancient Roman times) making a variety of wines.
One of the great Barsac estates, which some rate as the greatest of this region; although other people would put Coutet higher.
Estate in the Pomerol region, which makes pleasant red wines.
Clos de Tart
One of the great growths of Morey-St-Denis in the Cote de Nuits in Burgundy. It has been under vines at least since the 12th century, when it belonged to a religious order associated with a Cistercian sisterhood, who made the wines from their vineyard famous. During the French Revolution, the property was seized by the state. Today it belongs to the large firm of Mommessin and is unusual in that it is wholly under their sole ownership. The wine enjoys a great reputation.
Clos de Vougeot
One of the most famous vineyards of the Cote de Nuits in Burgundy: a single estate (owned by about 100 different proprietors), in the parish of Vougeot. The chateau was built in the 16th century by the Cistercians, and now belongs to the Chevaliers de Tastevin. The Burgundy wine order. It is so highly regarded that regiments of the French army, passing the property, traditionally salute it. The red wines are generous, robust and easy to like although perhaps lackinga little in subtlety. A little white, made in the parish of Vougeot, is sold as Clos Blanc de Vougeot.
Clos du Roi
One of the most famous vineyards of Aloxe-Corton in Burgundy.
Premier Grand Cru Classe of St Emilion. Known for its full, rather soft fine wines. The prefix ‘Clos’ is unusual in the region but its use does not necessarily mean – as is sometimes affirmed – that the wine is a Burgundy.
(Pronounced ‘Coh-burn’ stressing ‘Coh’) The full name of this port shipper is Cockburn Smithes and as they are now associated with Martinez Gassiot and Mackenzie, overall they are often referred to as Cockburn, Martinez, Mackenzie. Founded in 1815, Cockburn is a highly respected establishment; their ports sell throughout the world. Their vintage wines enjoy great fame, notably the vintages of the early part of the century. I once ventured to describe the style to one of the directors as ‘steel under velvet’ – the vintage ports usually have great charm plus firmness
The wines of the Gorizia Hills, in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, which may also sometimes be simply called Collio. Many of these wines, made on the border between Italy and Yugoslavia, are white; but some reds are also made. They usually seem to be called after the grapes that produce them.
Vineyard and winery in the Livermore Valley, California. The founder originally made wines for religious purposes – so, during Prohibition, business was able to continue. It is still a family concern, making a range of table wines and reports speak highly of the winery’s Sauvignon Blanc.
Vineyard in Australia’s Great Western region.
Pennsylvania winery in the U.S.
Birthplace of the Cape vineyards in South Africa. The first vintage was made here, near Cape Town, in 1659.
New Zealand wine company of considerable influence and importance, in winemaking as well as in the large scale of their business.
Australian vineyard, in the Hunter River Valley, owned by Lindeman.
New Zealand vineyard and winery, established at the beginning of the 20th century. A wide range of table, fortified and sparkling wines is made.
One of the greatest of all white Burgundies in the Cote de Beaune, in the parish of Aloxe-Corton. The name derives from a belief that this part of the vineyard once belonged to the Emperor Charlemagne. Two of the main owners of Corton-Charlemagne are the well-known shippers Louis Jadot and Louis Latour. The wine is big, ‘bloomy’, very impressive and usually very expensive.
Classed 2nd growth of St Estephe, making very fine wines. (The staff at Lafite often say that, if they can’t drink Lafite, they prefer Cos, which is as unlike Lafite as can be!)The property is remarkable for the ‘Chinese’ architecture of its chateau.
(Sound the ‘s’, as in ‘cos lettuce’) Classed 5th growth of St Estephe, next to Cos d’Estournel, making wines of excellent quality today.
The vineyard of Vaud, in Switzerland, which is situated on the sloping north shore of the Lake of Geneva, between Geneva and Lausanne. The wines are mostly white. Not to be confused with Cote.
Vineyards featured on labels:
FIXIN: Clos de la Perriere.
GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN: Chambertin and Chambertin Clos de Beze (ranking equally), Ruchottes-Chambertin, Chapelle-Chambertin, Mazoyeres-Chambertin, Griotte-Chambertin, Mazis-Chambertin, Latriciere-Chambertin, Charmes-Chambertin, Clos St Jacques, Veroilles, Fouchere, Estournelles, Gazetiers.
MOREY-ST-DENIS: Clos St Denis, Les Bonnes Mares (part), Clos de la Roche, Clos des Lambrays.
CHAMBOLLE-MUSIGNY: Le Musigny, Les Bonnes Mares (part).
VOUGEOT: Clos de Vougeot.
FLAGEY-ECHEZEAUX: Les Grands-Echezeaux, Les Echezeaux du Dessus.
VOSNE-ROMANEE: La Romanee, Romanee-Conti, Le Richebourg, La Tache, Les Verroilles.
NUITS-ST-GEORGES: Les St-Georges, Les Boudots, Les Cailles, Les Cras, Les Murgers, Les Porrets, Les Pruliers, Les Thorey, Les Vaucrains.
ALOXE-CORTON: Le Corton, Le Clos du Roi, Les Renardes, Les Chaumes, Le Charlemagne.
PERNAND-VERGELESSES: lie de Vergelesses.
SAVIGNY: Les Vergelesses, Les Marconnets, Les Jarrons.
BEAUNE: Les Feves, Les Greves, Les Cras, Les Champimonts, Les Marconnets, Les Bressandes, Clos de la Mousse, Clos des Mouches.
POMMARD: Les Epenots, Les Rugiens-Bas, Le Clos Blanc.
VOLNAY: Les Caillerets, Les Champans, Les Freimiets, Les Angles.
MEURSAULT: Les Santenots-du-Milieu, Les Perrieres (white).
PULIGNY-MONTRACHET: Le Montrachet (part).
CHASSAGNE-MONTRACHET: Le Montrachet (part).
SANTENAY: Les Gravieres.
(Pronounced ‘Koo-tay’) One of the great estates in Barsac which, being within the Sauternes region, can call itself either Sauternes or Barsac. The wine is especially fine, sharing with the other great Barsacs the characteristic of a slightly dry finish, or lift, at the last moment of savouring the taste. The name is supposed to derive from couteau (knife). Although most of the wine is estate-bottled, at one time some was bottled in England, the proprietor giving the privilege of using chateau labels to the firm shipping and bottling.
Vineyard and winery established in 1858 in the Mudgee region of New South Wales. Australia. A range of red and white table wines and certain fortified and dessert wines are produced.
Established in the Livermore Valley in California in 1882, this winery achieved fame for certain of its white wines made from the Semillon grape, which received a hand-applied infection of Botrytis cinerea, thereby enabling them to produce concentratedly sweet wines. The dry climate prevents the natural formation of the Botrytis. Today this winery belongs to a company called Guild.
Port firm (also now important in the sherry world), founded in 1678. It is the property of I.D.V. The wines have great grace and easy charm.
Cues or Kues
Vineyards facing Bernkastel, on the Mosel.
This chateau is in the Cotes of St Emilion, between the properties of Belair, Ausone and Canon. It was owned by a real Cure, whose name was Bon, at the beginning of the 19th century. He left it to his nephew who, wishing to perpetuate the name and to differentiate the property from others, added the word ‘Madeleine’ to their names, but the cure’s own name as the prefix. It has since been known as Chateau Cure-Bon-La-Madeleine. The estate is a classed growth of St Emilion and its wines, when they are seen on lists, are usually very good, although the yield is small, so that they tend to be rare.
The charitiable foundation established by Cardinal Nikolaus von Cues, the great mystic, mathematician and thinker of the 15th century, at the town opposite Bernkastel on the Mosel, which depends on the produce of the vineyards with which it is endowed, in a similar way to the Hospices de Beaune. The Hospital cares for 33 old men; the number must be maintained.
Region in the Berici Hills, south of Vicenza, Italy, making white, red and pink wines.
Winery in the Napa Valley, California.