Wine and Spirits Dictionary: Letter I
The Institut National des Appellations d’Origine Controlees is generally referred to by its initials- I.N.A.O. This body administers theCode du Vin in France.
The Instituto do Vinho do Porto (Port Wine Institute) is the governing body that controls both the Casa do Douro (the association of farmers and growers) and the Gremio dos Exportadoros do Vinho do Porto (the association of port shippers). Its controls are strict and it issues a seal to be attached to each bottle of port before this is shipped. It establishes the prices of grapes, must and brandy.
This U.S. State is now trying to produce commercial wines from locally-grown grapes.
Region in Dalmatia, Yugoslavia, producing red and white table wines.
Whisky distillery at Carron, Strathspey, built in 1897.
A large bottle sometimes used in the Bordeaux region, especially for very fine wines. Its contents equal about 8 ordinary bottles of 26 fl. oz (75 c) capacity (1.32 gallons or 6 litres).
Vines have been grown and wine made from them in India for many centuries, but for many reasons – including the religious ban on alcohol for adherents to Islam – there is no substantial local demand for wine. Spirits, however, are made. A sparkling wine of good quality has recently been made north of Bombay.
Red wine from the Valtelline region of Lombardy, in Italy, which must have at least 95% of the Nebbiolo grape in it. The name has (fortunately) nothing to do with the character of the wine and also should not be confused with any similar brand name.
This process, whereby many aperitif wines and vermouths are made, requires the additives to be put into the liquid – rather as a tea-bag is added to water.
Wine region in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, where red wines are produced.
Winery and vineyard in California’s Napa Valley, founded in 1879, now the property of the vast firm Heublein. The winery has been reputed for the quality of its wines since its beginning. Today, although its range has been extended, reports indicate that the top wines maintain their quality.
German ginger liqueur.
This Dumarton distillery is situated on the ‘Highland line’, and was built in 1938. The whisky, however, is classed as a Lowland malt. Unusually, the making of both grain and malt whisky may be seen here.
Wine town in Franconia noted for its quality wines.
A village near Chablis in northern Burgundy, France, where red and rose’ wines are made, often of pleasant quality.
A jigger of Irish whiskey plus strong black coffee, with sugar if liked, poured into a glass and drunk through thick cream poured on the top. Variations are Swiss coffee (kirsch), French coffee (Cognac), Caribbean coffee (rum), and Gaelic coffee (Scotch); but nothing seems quite as agreeable as the original combination.
White and red wines of the Basses Pyrenees region of France; some rose’ is also made bearing this name. These wines can be pleasant, but hardly more, and are usually ‘holiday wines’.
This is a region in Campania, Italy, which Philip Dallas divides into the Taurasi, making reds, and Greco di Tufo, making whites, near the town of Benevento. Both wines are said to have been made since ancient times. The Taurasi red is made from about 70% Aglianico grapes, the white from the Greco and Coda di Volpe. Both sound to be worth trying for anyone visiting the region.
Wine region in Victoria, Australia.
Wine village on the Saar in Germany, of which the best-known site is the Hubertusberg.
As well as producing wines that may be labelled Capri, there are red and white wines made on Ischia. These deserve investigation by travellers, although the quantity produced is not likely to make them seen on export markets..
Wines have, of course, been made in Israel since wine was first made in the world. As a modern industry, winemaking was virtually started by Baron Edmond de Rothschild at the end of the 19th century and today wines are still made essentially along the lines of French production. There is some tradition for the making of sweetish white wines, as these are associated with religious usage, both to break a fast – when a sweetish wine is obviously more suitable – and for formal feasts, but some dry whites are also made. Exports to both the U.K. And U.S. Are being expanded, both of these whites and the fullish, rather soft reds. Israel is not, as yet, a very wine-minded country and consumption per head is low: but there is no reason why the wines should not attain recognition and appreciation for their straightforwardness and agreeable quality.
Issan, Chateau d’
A classed 3rd growth of Cantenac-Margaux, Bordeaux. It is the property of the Cruse family, who bottle it nowadays in their Bordeaux chais, so that there is none available as chateau-bottled. It was a favourite wine of the Court of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in its last days. Its beautiful chateau, rather unusually for the Medoc, is really old, dating from the 17th century.
Winery at Asti in Sonoma County, California, established in 1881 to assist Italian and Swiss immigrants. Now owned by the firm of Heublein and producing popular wines.
Winery in Denver. Colorado, U.S., now producing wines from locally-grown grapes.
Liqueur of the Basque country in the south-west of France. The word is Basque for ‘star’. It is made from Pyrenean herbs, honey, flowers and Armagnac. Being aged in wood. There are two kinds, yellow and green; the latter being slightly stronger. Izarra was first made in 1835.